Chinese silk material impact on the Western world

Qin unified China, the establishment of a centralized feudal autocratic empire, for the development of economic and cultural Han nationality to create the conditions. Western Han Dynasty, the Huns powerful nation in northern China a serious threat to the security of the Han nationality, the emperor sent generals Wei Qing, Huo break the Huns, and with the covenant entered into friendship. Han Jian-yuan three years (138 BC) and the hunter for four years (119 BC), the Han Dynasty sent Zhang Qian twice to the Western Regions, communication with Dawan (now Fergana area), Healthy ( Today Kazakhstan area), Building (now Afghanistan), rest (also known as Persia, now Iran), as amended branch (now Iraq), Li Xuan (also known as Qin Empire, the ancient Eastern Roman Empire), body poison (now India) and other countries Contact, Central Asia envoys and business travel continue to Chang’an access and trade. Chinese silk through the Hexi Corridor and Xinjiang by Changan South Road, continuously transported to Western countries, much praise from Western countries.

China is the birthplace of silk, as early as the Qin Dynasty, Qin Xi Rong on silk and often exchanged horses and shipped to the West through the Northwest nomads. In recent years, the Federal Republic of Germany archaeologist Jorge Piel identified 20 kilometers northwest of Stuttgart where a Celtic period (fifth century BC) grave, tomb fragments Qianman thick clothes colorful Chinese silk. Former Soviet Union C · M · Dr. Lu Jinke “On Ancient China and the Altai tribal relations,” a text introduction, the fifth century BC in southern Siberia Baze Lexus livestock tribal leaders giant sarcophagus tomb, also found exquisite Chinese embroidery saddle cloths of silk surface (Note: See “archeology” 1957 No. 2 37), the pattern style, and domestic Jiangling, Hubei and Hunan Changsha Chu Warring States period unearthed embroidery patterns consistent. According to the fifth century BC Greek historian Herodotus (Greek history was later known as the father) said that the Greek businessmen worked in BC and 17th centuries have been to “silk capital of the country.” Greek called wire as “Sale” (Ser), said China is seres (Seres), meaning land of silk. Another fifth century BC Greek historian Keta Iglesias in his “History book”, called “seres people nearly 20 feet tall, the life more than 200 years old.” Said that there is no country in the seres beggars, no thieves, no prostitutes, for China is full of longing for a better.
The road leading to the Western Regions in China before the opening, Chinese silk and gold equivalent in Rome, only a few aristocratic women to wear it to show off to each other. The late 1st century BC Roman Republic Julius Caesar wore Chinese silk robe to see them, talk to people and said he too luxurious, the Roman aristocracy shortly thereafter on men wearing silk gradually up. To the early Roman Empire, the Emperor Tiberius had banned men wearing clothes made of Chinese silk. But not only does not prohibit, Noble House silk embroidered clothes instead of learning into fashion. Chinese silk was transported to Rome to pass Persian, Persian to manipulate the Chinese silk trade between Rome, profiteering. To the Eastern Roman Empire Byzantine Emperor Justinian, the Eastern Roman who want to get rid of the Persian trade controls, the two sides often war. AD 528 (Emperor Wu Chase two years), took place in the Byzantine and Persian wars. Byzantium was the king alliance with Ethiopia, hoping for Ethiopia instead of Persian silk trade. In 540 AD, the Byzantine also used to improve business tax, pricing and other ways to control the silk boycott Persia, the results soaring price of silk, the last Byzantine had cash 11,000 annual subsidy of Persia and Persian words and one thousand pounds. The other hand, to seek ways to produce their own silk, in the year 552 to send a few monks to the Chinese border, the silkworm egg hidden in the back to the Byzantine Zhuzhang raise fertility. Chinese silk in the Han and Tang Dynasty more than a thousand years has been a steady stream from northwest China two overland through Central Asia to Europe, which two land routes, and later by the German geographer Ferdinand von Richthofen (1833-1905) called “Silk Road.”

Chinese silk industry shortcomings and Development Strategies

China is almost dominated the world’s front-end silk industry chain, but because Chinese silk clothing industry lacks international brands, Chinese enterprises are mostly just earn fees, material costs, the high-end value-added ceded to rely solely on re-export of silk processing France, Italy and other countries. Thus, despite China’s silk products export volume, but the level was only in Korea swap 1/2, Japan 1/4, Italy 1/13. Due to lack of world-renowned brands, Chinese silk is far from achieving its rightful economic value. Chronic lack of proactive brand management, so that the loss of many of China’s silk industry was supposed to earn profits.
Therefore, the Chinese silk industry, an urgent need to nurture and develop brand-name products, silk products in order to reshape the brand’s image. In addition, some of the economic development of developing countries are in accordance with their actual conditions of silk production, the rapid development of silk industry first, intermediate products, to compete with China, urged the country’s industrialization process. Therefore, the Chinese silk industry to promote the brand strategy must be to maintain the status of China’s silk big country, and gradually become the world’s silk power.

The number of silk fabrics

Silk fabrics are numbered with three digits.
First digit represents the raw materials used fabric categories:
Ordinal number of a representative of silk, including land lines, double-palace silk, silk
2 represents the synthetic fibers, including nylon, polyester, etc.
3 represents a natural fiber blend
4 represents Tussah silk, tussah silk, including
5 represents rayon, including viscose, acetate, etc.
6 represent two or more interwoven material, including woven filament, filament and staple fiber woven
7 with 1-6 different, its representative quilt products.
2 digits representing the category name, such as silk, spinning, crepe, silk, satin, brocade, silk, damask, Romania, yarn, Ge, ti, velvet, it and so on.
Third digit represents the sequence number of silk specifications.
Uppercase letter on behalf of the fabric of origin. Such as:
Liaoning Beijing B C D E Hubei, Sichuan, Guangdong G H K, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang J
Q Fujian, Guangxi, Shaanxi M N T S Shanghai, Anhui, Tianjin V W X Hunan, Henan
Silk on both labeled from the number on the label, you can identify raw materials into products and their origin.

Silk conservation

The silk brocade, satin ancient incense, large flower satin, georgette velvet, gold velvet, Zhangzhou velvet, damask makeup, Campbell places and thin yarn, raw silk, silk yarn-dyed taffeta, can not be washed but only dry cleaning. Silk fabric can be washed in the washing is combined with its own characteristics, the use of different washing methods.
Here are a few silk fabric conservation tips:
(1) dark clothing or silk fabrics should be washed separately with light-colored;
(2) sweaty silk clothing should be immediately washed or soaked with water, do not use hot water above 30 degrees;
(3) When washing silk, use detergent or short acidic alkaline detergent, preferably with silk special detergent;
(4) The best hand, should not wring or twist with a hard brush to wash, you should gently with water cast net, hand or towel and gently squeeze the water,
Dry in the shade;
(5) shall be eighty percent dry ironing, and not directly to water, and opposite to iron clothes, the temperature controlled at 100-180 degrees;
(6) Collection should be washed, dried, stacked appropriate and cloth, placed in the cabinet, and should not be put camphor or camphor ball and so on.

Silk and health

Since ancient times, silk there is “Silk Queen” in the world. In modern times, people have given it “healthy fiber”, “health fiber” reputation. Therefore, the health functions of silk fiber is any fiber can not be compared, can not be replaced. Silk fibers necessary for the human body contains 18 amino acids, and amino acids contained in human skin is almost the same. So there are human “second skin” reputation. Wear silk clothes, not only can prevent ultraviolet radiation, harmful gas into defense, resist harmful bacteria, but also enhance the vitality of the body surface skin cells, promote skin cell metabolism, while some of the skin has a good adjuvant therapy. In addition, due to the special moisture absorption and permeability, as well as regulating body temperature, regulating the role of water.